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best way to breastfeed

The Best Ways to Breastfeed Your Baby

Breastfeeding a baby can provide various benefits to the baby’s growth and even strengthen the bond between mother and baby. Although breastfeeding a baby is highly recommended and has a plethora of benefits, no one can deny that the breastfeeding process is a process that requires a lot of patience, energy, and sacrifice. There are many mothers who experience terrible discomfort, and injury to the breasts after breastfeeding their babies. The mother begins to feel pain and sometimes experiences bleeding in the nipple to ensure that their child gets a natural, highly nutritious drink. Yes, that is one of the sacrifices made by the mother. We would like to share with you the best positions or best way to breastfeed your baby to make sure you feel much more comfortable while nursing the baby.

best way to breastfeed

Breastfeeding in a supine or reclined position

The relaxed breastfeeding position, also known as biological nurturing, is frequently among the best ways to breastfeed the baby that new mothers can try. If your baby is placed on your chest or tummy as soon as he is born, he will instinctively work his way toward one of your breasts and attempt to latch on, and this is known as the ‘breast crawl’. Skin-to-skin contact stimulates his feeding instincts, while gravity aids in latching and keeping him in place. You will be much more comfortable reclining gently rather than lying flat on your back. Cushions or pillows are helpful to keep you supported while breastfeeding your baby and at the same time, you can look at your baby directly.

Classic cradle hold

When most of us think of breastfeeding, we imagine ourselves in this classic cradle-hold position. This breastfeeding position entails you sitting upright with your baby on his side, his head and neck laying along your forearm and his body against your stomach in a tummy-to-mummy position. Although it is a popular position, it is undeniably easy with a newborn because it does not provide as much support as other breastfeeding positions. You may place a pillow or cushion behind your back and a breastfeeding pillow across your lap to provide more support and prevent back or shoulder strains.

Side-lying position

Breastfeeding your baby in a side-lying position can also be more comfortable than sitting if you have experienced a caesarean or stitches. It is ideal for relaxed night nursing and breastfeeding in bed or on the sofa. This breastfeeding position requires you and your baby to be lying on your sides, stomach to stomach.

Nursing in a sling

It may take some practice, but breastfeeding your baby in a sling can be useful when you are outdoors and caring for older children, or doing light housework. You can multitask doing the chores or carrying out your favourite activities by wrapping a sling or sarong at your upper body part and placing your body in the wrapped sling or sarong, or maybe a front carrier. This way works best if your baby is a seasoned breastfeeder who can hold his head up on his own. Breastfeeding can be done in a variety of slings, including stretchy wraps, ring slings, and front carriers. Whatever you choose, make sure your baby’s face is always visible and his chin is not pressed against his chest.

In conclusion, you should not forget about your comfort and baby’s safety during the breastfeeding process. You may practise those breastfeeding positions and find which one works best for you and your baby. No matter what, safety and comfort come first!

breastmilk storage bags Malaysia

Top 4 commonly asked questions on breast milk from mothers

Before doing anything WASH YOUR HAND PROPERLY!! It is better to worry than sorry and it has never been enough to wash your hand carefully. 

What is the best container for storing breast milk?

Mothers should best save and preserve expressed breast milk with cleaned food-grade containers that have caps to ensure proper isolation between the milk and air from bacteria. These containers could be made from glass or plastic that must not contain chemicals such as bisphenol (BPA) or special breastmilk storage bags Malaysia baby stores often suggest to parents. 

How do mothers store breast milk? 

How to? 

Divide breast milk into small feeding portions that could be used for each meal, ranging from 30 millilitres to 120 millilitres. Make sure the containers are clean and tailored and/or friendly with breast milk storage – contain no BPA. Label each container with waterproof ink with information like the expressing dates and the capacity of the portion. This is to help parents control the milk quality, and safety to use, as well as the baby eating portion for parents to predict and detect any irregularities in case of occurrence. 

Additionally, always try to place the milk containers deep inside the refrigerator where the temperature is coolest so that the milk could stay preserved better. In case there is no refrigerator around, parents could temporarily store the breast milk in a temperature insulation bottle with ice packs. Another precaution is that most liquid will also expand on a small scale when frozen, don’t fill the container to the brim. 

Tips 

  • The refrigerator door is not an ideal place to store breast milk due to the temperature changes when opening and closing the door. 
  • In case of delayed feeding, and you don’t think that you would use the freshly expressed breast milk in the next 4 days: freeze it immediately as this will maintain the quality of the milk. But don’t let the baby consume frozen milk stored in the freezer for a long time.
  • When delivering breast milk to a childcare facility, make sure to clearly label the child’s name on the container and give the caregiver notice ahead of time. 
  • In case of travelling, breast milk storing in an insulated container with an ice pack, the milk would last for 24 hours, ensure the milk is use right away or frozen in the refrigerator after reaching the destination 

How long does breast milk last after expressing?

Room temperature: freshly expressed breast milk could last up to 6 hours at room temperature, but make sure to use proper containers and the milk can only last up to 4 hours if the room is warm.

Insulated cooler: As mentioned above, when stored in an insulated container with ice packs, the breast milk could last up to 24 hours. 

Refrigerator: fresh breast milk could be stored at the back of the refrigerator up to 4 days in a clean and proper container environment but it is optimal to use the milk within 3 days

Deep freezer: when frozen, the milk could last up to 12 months but it should be best to use the milk within the first 6 months. 

medical university scholarships Malaysia

Why Medical University Scholarship Malaysia is Important

Giving scholarships to students in higher education institutions is very important. The awarding of scholarships can provide various benefits to the financial situation of students. The same is the case with the awarding of scholarships to doctoral students. Scholarships for doctoral students should be continued to make them feel more at ease to gain knowledge. RUMC Malaysia is no exception in providing medical university scholarships Malaysia to deserving students. In this article, we will share our opinion on why medical university scholarship Malaysia is important.

1) Make education more accessible and affordable

Scholarships could be useful for paying for higher education. According to Sallie Mae, up to 65% of college students use them to help cover costs. This provides opportunities for those who would not otherwise be able to attend school. It may also lighten the load later on, after school. They may not have any student loans to repay. Most households use scholarships to pay for college fees, academic fees, and any related.

2) Charity platform

Scholarships allow businesses to give back. They might also be involved in corporate social responsibility. This assists businesses in determining how they can contribute to community support. As a result, they may assist the company in becoming a community leader. Companies may choose to focus on charities, organisations, or other aspects that reflect their values. This may enable them to contribute to local community efforts.

Scholarships teach philanthropy as well. A scholarship recipient may be grateful for it. As a result, they recognise the importance of giving back. They learn the value of public service. They might be more willing to help others in the future.

3) Recruit and keep talent

Some scholarships include opportunities for internships. After completing their education, college students may benefit from gaining work experience. The scholarship could help businesses attract new employees. Internships can provide new employees with valuable experience. They bring new perspectives to the company as a result of their college education. This could help the company’s need for innovation. It is also critical to support current employees. Many current employees might want to return to school. They might want to get a graduate degree. Scholarships may assist employers in retaining these employees.

4) Introduce your brand

Scholarship assistance may aid in the development of a company’s brand. School students frequently seek scholarships with the assistance of their parents. They get to know the companies to which they apply. Marketing such scholarships also helps the community as a whole become acquainted with the company. All of these things contribute to the company’s brand development. It assists businesses in gaining recognition for their efforts. It raises awareness of the company. It expands the company’s engagement opportunities with prospective customers.

Looking for insurance plans for young adults Malaysia? 

There are many types of insurance that are offered from many insurance companies. Looking for insurance plans for young adults Malaysia? Many offer them from other insurance companies, which is maybe Ammetlife. It really changes your view on insurance being more important for you. Need to looking for insurance plans for young adults Malaysia, very careful to choose which plan. Most people will recommend having a health insurance plan. 

It will make your life be protected more than you expect to have them. If you had any unexpected thing that happened in your life maybe like house burning and you need treatment at hospital. It will help you to reduce the cost more and they will handle all the costs that you need to pay at the hospital. The reason is you already pay them to do this for you in future. So you don’t  need to be scared about the cost for your treatment because all the things will be handled by the insurance company. 

Just need to remember to pay it monthly and that will be enough. Health insurance, most people in Malaysia had them because it was really useful in the future. It was so rare if they did not have health insurance because it was the most type of insurance that people were interested in too. So for young adults they need to choose wisely to invest or buy in which plans for themself. Those that had cars usually love to choose a car insurance plan too. 

Why was it better to have insurance for young adults? 

More cheaper 

For those that apply insurance before turning into 30s they will be more cheaper than that. There are many offers for them because not all people in their 20s care about the insurance. So it will be better for you to have insurance at a young age because it will be nice for your allowance at that time. 

If you turn older you need to care more about upgrading your insurance plan. Also many deals that you can get from the plan that they will offer to you. You can also still save because the amount that you need to pay for insurance is not that high like 30s people. The amount that you save at insurance will help easier to get anything done.

Early protection that related to illness

If you have some illness that needs insurance companies pay for the amount of the treatment they will help. It was really good because you don’t know when you will feel sick. Also for them that really have to do treatment all along your life. This insurance plan will make you feel safer because they have helped your life. 

Also for them that need to go to the hospitals it will be so much help that you get. No need to pay the amount, just need to claim at insurance companies. All the illness that you had they will try to lessen the burden from you because you already had the insurance plan. They just can focus on the treatment. 

belven mechanical valve

Top 3 industrial mechanical valves for newcomers

Too much of anything is not good at all, and enough well-measured amounts for anything will proceed to success. Especially within the manufacturing industry when every metric counts, as they could pose direct and indirect effects on the whole system. An excess amount of any component while manufacturing could cause that system to be overworked and spoil the batch that forces the business to lose money on solving the issue. This is why modern industrial mechanical valves are introduced into the market with the typical example of the Belven mechanical valve.

belven mechanical valve

Ball Valves

As the name suggests, this valve is an industrial valve that uses a ball to control and navigate the flow within the pipeline system. Ball valves are used to control the flow and pressure in gas distribution systems and for reducing the pressure with gas storage connections. Ball valves serve as a helping mechanism within the food and oil processing industries. Additionally, they are commonly found in flowing systems on ships, fire-safe protection services and chlorine manufacturing industries. These valves can be used in a variety of applications and markets such as gas processing, transmission and storage, industrial…

Advantages

  • Easy to operate and regulates the flow within seconds.
  • Compact and low-maintenance design that can work without lubrication.
  • Leak-proof services & Multi-way design flexibility.

Butterfly Valves

Butterfly Valves are tailored for regulating the flow and limiting the control capability. It is a valve in which the obturator rotates about an axis at right angles to the flowing direction, and the flow surpasses the obturator in the open position. The butterfly valve’s thin feature in between the flanges makes them lighter in weight and creates a small install footprint. Butterfly valves are also used for a broad range of applications like water supply, wastewater treatment, fire protection and gas supply, also in chemical and oil industries, fuel handling systems, power generation…

Advantages

  • Could operate electronically, manually or pneumatically.
  • High accuracy, especially for industrial applications.
  • Easy installation and removal without pipe system dislocation.

Gate Valves

Gate valves are typically used in the wider sections of pipes to control the flow of liquids. They can be designed with rising stems or non-rising stems, solid wedges, flexible wedges, or with split wedges.

Gate valves are divided into two main types: Parallel and wedge-shaped valves.

Moreover, gate valves are the common types of valves used in industries such as textiles, power generation, refineries, petrochemical plants, shipbuilding, food plants, the chemical industry and paper factories… 

Advantages 

  • Gate valves produce a much lower friction loss when compared to other types of valves.
  • Gate valves’ distinctive features allow them to provide laminar flow when pressure loss is at a minimum.
  • Suitable to use in high temperature and pressure conditions.

These mentioned above might not be all of the valves that are used within the manufacturing industry but they are the most common ones that any factory should have. Hope that with this information, you have learned something new about the industrial manufacturing sector and have a better understanding of how it works. 

belven mechanical valve
medical degree Malaysia.

Top Medical Degrees in Malaysia: Your Guide to Becoming a Doctor

If you are an aspiring doctor looking to further your education in this field, it is important to consider all of your options in order to find the best fit for you. Malaysia is home to a variety of medical degree programs, including both traditional and alternative options.

In this article, we will provide an overview of the different types of medical degree Malaysia and help you understand the key factors to consider when choosing a program. We will also discuss the admission requirements and career prospects for doctors in Malaysia, so you can make an informed decision about your future. Whether you are just starting out in your medical career or looking to advance your skills, this guide will provide valuable information to help you achieve your goals.

Overview of medical education system in Malaysia

The medical education system in Malaysia is designed to provide aspiring doctors with a comprehensive understanding of the field, starting from the undergraduate level and extending through postgraduate studies.

There are various types of institutions in Malaysia that offer medical degrees, including universities and medical schools. In order to enroll in a medical program, candidates must meet certain admission requirements and go through a competitive selection process. These requirements typically include a strong academic background, particularly in science subjects, as well as satisfactory scores on entrance exams.

Some medical programs in Malaysia have also received notable accreditations or rankings, which can be a valuable indicator of their quality and reputation. Overall, the medical education system in Malaysia is highly competitive but offers a wealth of opportunities for those who are dedicated to pursuing a career in medicine.

Top Medical Degrees in Malaysia

There are many top medical schools in Malaysia that offer top-quality medical degree programs for aspiring doctors. These programs are designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the field, and are taught by experienced faculty who are dedicated to helping students succeed. Some of the top medical schools in Malaysia based on factors such as reputation, program curriculum, faculty, and research opportunities include:

Universiti Malaya – This is one of the oldest and most prestigious medical schools in Malaysia, offering a range of medical degree programs including the MBBS, MD, and MSc. The school is known for its rigorous curriculum and strong research focus, and has a reputation for producing highly skilled doctors.

International Medical University (IMU) – This is a private medical school that offers a range of medical degree programs, including the MBBS (International Program) for international students. The school is known for its modern facilities and innovative teaching methods, and has a strong focus on practical experience through clinical rotations and research projects.

Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) – This is a public medical school that offers the MBBS and MD programs, as well as a range of postgraduate medical courses. The school is known for its strong emphasis on research and its commitment to producing socially responsible doctors.

It is important to note that fees and costs can vary significantly between medical schools in Malaysia. Some schools may charge tuition fees, while others may require students to pay for additional expenses such as accommodation, books, or equipment. Be sure to research the financial requirements of each school carefully before making your decision.

Which Are The Best Wifi Router?-Jom Apply Time 100mbps

Jom Apply Time 100mbps is now available. Don’t forget to join us at Jom Apply Time 100mbps. Wait!! Before that have you known which wifi routers are suitable for your household? Let’s check the best wifi router that is suitable for you.

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Best Wifi Router

Asus RT-AX86U

The Asus RT-AX86U is a Wi-Fi 6 powerhouse that packs great speeds and incredible gameplay offers , as well as amazing customization options. With best-in-class performance and lifetime protection against intruders and malware, it’s also an excellent choice for protecting your entire home network, offering long-term protection with no subscription fee and backed by a two-year warranty.

But the real draw of the Asus RT-AX86U is its performance, which came close to the magical 1Gbps mark in our tests to provide fast and effortless connectivity for all your devices. With excellent range and great performance, even through walls and between floors, the RT-AX86U is equal parts general-purpose router and elite gaming router, and the collection of features and ports it offers is a bargain compared to some of the best performers. Gaming Gear If you’re looking for the best WiFi 6 router for your whole home, look no further than the Asus RT-AX86U

Netgear Orbi WiFi 6E

The Netgear Orbi WiFi 6E (model number RBKE963) is one of the best mesh WiFi systems in the world, and also one of the most expensive. But if you’ve got cash to burn, a gigabit broadband connection from your ISP, and a massive house, then this is probably the mesh system for you.

This OrbiWiFi 6E can cover up to 9,000 square feet. Add a third satellite and you can get up to 12,000 square feet. At a distance of 15 feet, the router’s 6 GHz channel delivered more than a gigabit per second throughput, the first mesh router to do so in our testing.

Each unit has 12 antennas and four Ethernet ports (one at 2.5 Gbps), and the system creates channels on 2.5 , 5 and 6 GHz. Frequency bands plus a fourth 5 GHz band for backhaul between units. Netgear is offering trial subscriptions to its Armor security software, which includes Bitdefender Antivirus and parental controls. You’ll also have to pay for technical support after 90 days. But if you can afford this mesh system, don’t mind.

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Netgear Nighthawk AX8 (RAX80)

The Netgear Nighthawk AX8 (RAX80) Wi-Fi 6 Router goes hand-in-hand with top-of-the-line performance and improved security, combining breakthrough gigabit-per-second performance with anti-malware and the Circle app by Disney to block and block inappropriate content manage family network usage. And with excellent performance through walls and floors, the Nighthawk AX8 will perform just as well in the real world as it does in the lab.

It can get expensive – mostly the best Wi-Fi 6 routers are, but the RAX80 was easy for us to set up and allows you to configure the router exactly how you want it. It also has a range of 90 feet, but we’ve found it works better at distances of 50 feet, making it better suited for medium-sized homes. In almost every respect, the Netgear Nighthawk AX8 (RAX80) is the Wi-Fi 6 router to get if you don’t want to compromise on speed and security.

Asus ROG Rapture GT-AX11000

The first gaming router we tested with Wi-Fi 6 is the Asus ROG Rapture GT-AX11000, a gamer’s delight, with speed that improves over distance, low latency, and all the features gamers have come to expect. When you add it all up, most other gaming routers are now second best.

The GT-AX11000 is big, with a gigantic base, eight rotating antennas, and peak power of 10.8Gbps.This wireless router offers tremendous connectivity thanks to its tri-band design and four downstream Gigabit LAN ports. Only one 5G Base T Ethernet connection and two USB 3.0 ports.

Built-in customization and gaming-focused tweaks give you a lot of control, and you can even pair with other routers Asus for mesh networks to cover a larger house. It’s pricey at $450, but this is one of the best gaming routers for gamers who want an online edge.

PPE cabinet Malaysia

What Should Fit Inside Your PPE Cabinet?

A PPE cabinet Malaysia is a perfect piece of furniture for your lab to store various types of personnel protection equipment, ranging from clothes to first aid. Without any safety equipment at all, your lab should automatically be considered as a hazardous area that should be shut down for the safety of yourself and your workmates.

You may need more than one PPE cabinet so you can fit the rest of the equipment. Below are the essentials that you must invest in before you can run your own lab.

Lab coats

Whether you have advanced personnel protection clothing or not, the bare minimum that your lab must have are lab coats. They are not only worn as proof that you and your friends are legitimate scientists. The uniforms double as protection from chemical spills, low level biological agents, and so on.

If your coat is tainted by a spill, immediately wash it off under an emergency shower. Depending on the chemicals themselves, the coats must either be laundered professionally or be marked as disposal if they are dangerous enough to be considered as biohazard waste.

Of course, if more dangerous chemicals are involved in your lab, then make room for chemical proof suits inside the closet, and if you have to, store your lab coats in another or hang them somewhere safe and accessible for anyone.

First aid kits

No matter how minor the injuries are, it is a priority for you and your workmates to treat them immediately with basic first aid before you can seek further treatment in hospitals or clinics. A cut or a chemical burn can pose a risk of infection, which can worsen if it isn’t taken care of.

When storing a first aid kit in a PPE closet, make sure that it is already visible so it can be taken out quickly and rushed to the scene. Pick a bright color for added visibility, such as the classic white. A color like red, on the other hand, won’t make it entirely camouflaged in the closet, but it is still much preferable to make it noticeable from a distance, especially if the kit is placed outside the closet instead.

Fire protection

PPE cabinet Malaysia is safe

Fire is a hazard that should be on the top of your list because it can spread uncontrollably and destroy your lab and materials. Although the flames alone are a danger to yourself, they are not the sole killers, as if it is big enough, the smoke can kill you through suffocation too. 

Your lab must be spacious so the smoke won’t be able to trap any confined spaces and you have time to extinguish the fire or escape unscathed.

The immediate dangers of fires calls for fire safety equipment to be mandatory, without which you shouldn’t run your lab yet, genius. Extinguishers and towels are prominent examples that must fit into your PPE cabinet. You should also store a little more within the lab itself so in case you cannot reach the closet, you still have another within your reach.

Stock management software Malaysia

Things you need to know about a stock management software

We are living in a market economy where corporates and stores maintain their prices, inventories, and even customers based on human demands or the market’s demands. Thus, any goods that achieve a high demand will always have to be aware of the source shortages. Likewise, for any of those which is less attractive, corporations will store them for later use, forming inventories or stock, and there are hundreds if not millions of them, in both amount and types. Not any person or group of people can effectively handle and control all of the burdens. Hence, people leave it for computers, a system of stock management software Malaysia relies heavily on to maintain its infrastructures. 

What is a stock management system?

Stock management software is an automated assistant system that supervises, calculates, and updates in real time about the condition of the stock. It tracks the inventory of every piece of goods you have and proceeds on making orders/reordering on out-of-stock items and calculating the price. As a result, supporting users to gain a statistical vision of stocks and fulfilling customers’ demands without overloading or underloading their inventories, thus, money.  

Stock management software Malaysia has optimised this visible and automatic to lower the number of human workers, scale down the steps and avoid human errors. Moreover, for each industry or firm, there will be different stock management software dictated to their demands. 

How does it work? 

Most of the stock management software Malaysia is cloud-based, allowing for a smoother and more synergized operation. It comes under a monthly subscription with a software company that you are partnered with – the people with whom you buy your stock management software. Simply pick an outlet that meets a high standard of service and you can be care-freed about cybersecurity, IT staff employment, or managing the software, just click and use. 

Some key features that you should consider when choosing a stock management software:

Point of sale integration: this integration with the user’s point of sale generates a selling and re-stocking cycle whenever a product is sold. No matter if it is from an online or offline outlet, every time an item is scanned or checked by the customer, the point of sale will update it back into the system in real-time and trigger the automated ordering system that helps to restock

Inventory catalog: this catalog will trace not only the types of products within your inventory but also categorize them by sizes, colors, and other distinguishing characteristics. 

Automated reordering: this as mentioned above will automatically restock your inventory whenever a trigger signal is sent from the point of sale if it is in a low amount. All you have to do is set up a minimum and maximum quantity requirement and leave the rest to the system, it will keep the stock within the assigned levels.

E-commerce integrations: this system helps track your sales on all e-channels. This combined with automated reordering will safeguard your money and stocks.

Product cost analysis:  it helps you predict and calculate restocking, machinery acquisition, and labor expenses before making transactions. 

steel bar malaysia

Building Materials—What Are They?

There are many different kinds of building materials, like concrete, steel bar Malaysia, wood, and masonry, that are used in building. Each material has different qualities, like weight, strength, durability, and cost, that make it good for different kinds of uses. The choice of building materials is based on cost and how well they can stand up to the loads and stresses on the structure.

Making building materials is a well-established, standardized business that can give us a steady supply of high-quality materials for our buildings. Quality control procedures are followed when structural-grade building materials are made. These procedures include inspecting and testing the materials based on national standards and scientific testing methods.

In general, there are two types of building materials: those that are made by nature, like stone and wood, and those that are made by people, like concrete and steel. Before they can be used in a building, most materials in both categories need to be treated or prepared in some way.

Concrete:

Concrete is made by mixing cement, aggregates like sand and crushed stone, and water together. The mixed design determines the properties of the concrete. So, it’s normal for concrete suppliers to list the properties of the material and the test results for each concrete patch.

Fresh concrete can be poured into any shape or form, and it takes time to harden into a material that looks like stone. It can take up to 7 days for concrete to reach most of its strength, and it will need extra care to cure so it doesn’t crack or lose strength.

When compressed, concrete is very strong, but when stretched, it breaks easily and doesn’t have much strength. When steel rebar is added to reinforced concrete, it makes it stronger and better suited for a wide range of structures, like tall multi-story buildings, bridges, roads, tunnels, and so many other things.

steel bar malaysia

Steel:

Steel is one of the strongest building materials because it is strong both when stretched and when squeezed. Because it is strong for how light it is, it is perfect for building the frames of tall buildings and big industrial facilities. 

Standard shapes for structural steel include angles, I-beams, and C-channels. You can build strong structures out of these shapes by welding them together or connecting them with high-strength bolts.

Steel is a fairly expensive building material, so it is up to the structural engineer to choose sizes and shapes that are cost-effective based on how much the building will be used.

Wood:

Wood has been used to build things for thousands of years, and if it is taken care of properly, it can last for hundreds of years. It is a natural resource that is easy to get and can be used economically. It is light and easy to work with. It also keeps out the cold well, which makes it a great building material for homes and other places where people live.

Because wood is so light, it is not the best building material for supporting heavy loads or spanning long distances. Wood is rarely used for foundations and basement walls because it needs to be pressure treated when it comes in contact with soil or water, which can be expensive.

Masonry:

Masonry is a way of building structures out of separate pieces that are usually held together with mortar. Masonry is strong against compression loads/stresses, which makes it a good choice for building walls that hold weight. Brick, stone, and glass blocks are also used to build walls. Masonry is a very strong and fire-resistant material, but it can be sensitive to the quality of the mortar and the work.

Masonry walls that can hold weight can be stacked on top of each other to make buildings with more than one floor. The weight of all the floors above the first floor adds up to the load on the first floor’s brick wall. So, the wall on the bottom floor must be stronger than the walls on the upper floors. This can be done by putting steel bars and concrete grout in the spaces in the bottom masonry walls to make them stronger.