In addition to transporting passengers, the type of ship that operates on the ocean also transports oil as fuel. A tanker or oil tanker is a type of ship used to transport fuel oil.
Actually, the term oil tanker is already familiar to the ear. There are numerous types of ships designed specifically for transporting this oil. The size and design differ significantly from passenger ships. Check out the detailed explanation of the oil tanker.
What are Tankers?
A tanker is a ship that has been designed to transport a variety of liquids, including oil, chemical liquids, and other liquids. As is common knowledge, oil refineries are not always constructed on land.
In addition to transporting oil from refineries, many chemical liquids must also be transported by sea to various locations. In addition, oil tankers are used as a mode of transport for delivery.
The tanker is outfitted with a comprehensive safety system in accordance with applicable regulations. This is done because the ship’s cargo is extremely hazardous to humans and the environment.
Oil tanker operation cannot be performed by just anyone. Transporting cargo safely necessitates prior knowledge and instruction. Even fire can experience leaks if caution is lacking.
Specifications for Tanker Vessel Size
Given the different types of cargo they carry, not all oil tankers are the same size. Both the treatment and the design are distinct in order to meet specific requirements.
Here are some common sizes of oil tankers currently in use.
1. General Purpose Tankers
The ship used to transport refined products weighs between 10,000 and 25,000 metric tons.
2. Handysize Tanker
This ship is also capable of transporting the same cargo, but the cargo is larger, ranging from 25,000 to 40,000 MT dwt.
3. Medium Range Tankers
Also known as the MR Tanker, it is used to transport refined products weighing between 40,000 and 55,000 metric tons deadweight (dwt).
4. LR 1
The tanker Long Range 1 transports refined products and crude oil. The range is between 55,000 and 80,000 MT dwt.
5. LR 2
Long Range 2 can carry between 80,000 and 160,000 MT dwt of product and crude oil cargo.
6. Very Large Crude Carriers
The ship, which has a deadweight between 160,000 and 300,000 tons, transports crude oil.
7. Ultra Large Crude Carriers
These ULCCs also transport crude oil weighing 300,000 tons deadweight.
Oil tanker operations cannot exist without safety and oil-based components. Lubricants are required for the engine performance of a ship to run smoothly.
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